On Aug. 6, the U.S. State Department revoked the global “Do Not Travel” warning it put in place in March, saying it was returning to country-specific advisories so that Americans could make informed travel decisions. Many places, however, continue to bar travelers from the United States amid pandemic fears.
Even within federal agencies there appeared to be some discrepancies that could be confusing to travelers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which uses only three levels for country advisories, listed some places, including Fiji, New Zealand and Bonaire, as Level 1, saying visitors should practice usual precautions. The State Department, however, uses a four-tier system and listed Fiji and New Zealand as Level 2 for “Exercise Increased Caution,” and Bonaire as Level 3 for “Reconsider Travel.” Additionally, none of those countries was open to U.S. travelers in early August.
The government’s action came despite the World Health Organization announcing during the first week of August that more than 18.5 million coronavirus cases have been reported worldwide and 700,000 people have died.
The State Department acknowledged that the spread of the coronavirus was “potentially” increasing in some countries, and decreasing in others.
“We continue to recommend U.S. citizens exercise caution when traveling abroad due to the unpredictable nature of the pandemic,” the State Department said on its website.
Would-be vacationers to countries that have started to welcome visitors from the United States generally face a host of conditions, a lot of “traveler beware,” and reduced flights. But getting there is only part of the equation. Countries have their own pandemic mitigation measures that might include curfews or curtailed activities and services; most standard travel insurance policies won’t cover medical or travel expenses related to the coronavirus; and borders can close and flights be canceled with little warning, stranding people in foreign countries. In addition, the C.D.C. advises Americans to avoid contact with others for 14 days after they return from international travel.
Here is a list of countries, in alphabetical order, that as of early August were open to U.S. citizens, or are expected to open soon.
[Have an update for this list? Email us at [email protected].]
Some commercial flights have resumed to Albania, but there may be restrictions on which flights U.S. citizens are allowed to take leaving the country. There are no quarantine requirements, according to the American Embassy in Albania.
Air travelers over age 12 must complete a Health Declaration Form, a traveler accommodation form, and must provide a certificate of a negative coronavirus test taken within seven days of arrival. There may be further screening on arrival, and passengers must pay $100 for an additional test if health authorities decide one is needed. Visitors should self-monitor for Covid-19 symptoms for up to 14 days.
Passengers arriving by sea are subject to quarantine, usually for 14 days unless a negative test result is obtained.
Residents from nearly half of the states are considered to be at higher risk of Covid-19, and must upload proof of a negative test taken between 12 and 72 hours before flying or they won’t be allowed to board their flight. Residents of the other states have the option of uploading a test or having one taken at the airport for $75. Travelers must quarantine at their lodging for up to 24 hours while awaiting results. All visitors must complete an Embarkation/Disembarkation card.
Island guests must also purchase mandatory Aruba Visitors Insurance to cover up to $75,000 in expenses should they test positive for Covid-19 during their stay. According to an online calculator, the premium for most visitors over age 15 who are staying for a week would be just over $100, and about $10 for those under 15.
A national lockdown began Aug. 4 and will remain in place at least through Aug. 18. All businesses, including curbside and takeaway dining and retail, have suspended operations. Residents may leave their homes only at certain times and only to obtain essential items.
The country is open to international visitors during the lockdown, but it is recommended that all travel be limited to essential purposes. Visitors must adhere to the lockdown.
All incoming passengers over age 10 must apply for a Bahamas Health Visa and show proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within 10 days of arrival. In addition, all travelers must quarantine for 14 days upon arrival.
All visitors must complete an online immigration and customs form within 24 hours of travel, and it is recommended that travelers have proof of a negative virus test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival.
Those arriving from the United States, considered to be a high-risk country, will be tested at the airport free of charge, but will be required to remain at the airport or a government-approved facility pending the results. If the test is negative, the visitor must still quarantine at a designated holding hotel or approved villa at their own expense, or at a government facility free of charge. The quarantine is generally for 14 days, but may be shortened to seven days if a second test taken five to seven days after arrival is negative.
In-transit passengers must have proof of a negative coronavirus test before landing.
Travelers arriving in Belarus from the United States do not have to self-quarantine. Temperature screening will be done at Minsk National Airport. Different travel requirements may be in place for countries that travelers transit en route from the United States.
Belize has scheduled an Aug. 15 reopening. There are different requirements for those who own or lease second homes in the country, and for those who are tourists, but everyone must download and complete the Belize Health App.
Homeowners must pay for and take a $50 virus test upon arrival, and quarantine for a day at an approved hotel at their own expense. If the test is negative, they must then complete another 13-day quarantine with some form of electronic monitoring.
Tourists who have proof of a negative test within the previous three days can use a “fast track” entry lane, but may be selected for another $50 test at the airport, at the traveler’s expense.
Visitors must stay at a “Tourism Gold Standard” hotel, which can offer full services, thereby lessening interactions with locals. No rental cars will be available at first, and parks and tourist sites will only be accessible with an approved tour operator.
Bermuda has an extensive screening process in place and requires anyone age 10 and older to pay a $75 fee to cover the cost of mandatory in-country Covid-19 tests given at the airport, and again on days three, seven and 14 of a traveler’s stay. Visitors are also asked to bring a thermometer and a face mask.
In addition to being tested at the airport, travelers age 10 and older are asked to provide proof of negative coronavirus tests taken within three days of their flights to Bermuda (although tests taken within five days will be accepted). Those with proof of a negative test still must quarantine at their hotel for about eight hours pending the results of the airport test. Those arriving without proof of a negative test are confined to their accommodations for three days.
All travelers must complete an online travel authorization form within 48 hours of their flight, then take and record their temperature twice a day for the first 14 days of their visit. Children age 9 and younger don’t have to take virus tests, but pay a $30 fee. Face masks are also required.
Brazil is allowing people to arrive by air for visits of up to 90 days as long as they can show proof of health insurance that includes coronavirus coverage before boarding their flights.
Members of European Union countries can enter Croatia for any reason, but American tourists may visit only with proof of paid accommodation.
Travelers must present a negative result for a Covid-19 test taken within the previous 48 hours. If they have an older test result, the person can enter, but must self-quarantine until they can show another negative test, which would be taken at their own expense. Those without negative results must self-quarantine for 14 days.
Travelers need to fill out an online health questionnaire and must show proof of a negative test taken 24 to 72 hours before arrival.
Additional screening at the airport may mean that some travelers are required to take another test, and need to quarantine at their hotel while awaiting the results.
Visitors must complete a health affidavit that attests that they haven’t experienced any Covid-19 symptoms in the past 72 hours. A temperature check will be taken at the airport. Anyone with a fever or other coronavirus symptoms will be tested. Hotels are also required to check a guest’s temperature when they arrive, as are operators of water excursions. Curfews are in effect in many places.
Those wanting to visit the country need to quarantine for 14 days in government-designated temporary housing or hotels. In addition, all arriving passengers must have proof of a negative test within the previous seven days, or agree to undergo a test in the country. The government has restricted movement throughout the country and there are curfews imposed.
The State Department website says that Egypt has a 14-day quarantine period, but the website EgyptOnlineVisa.com says that has been relaxed. A visa is required for travel.
Guadeloupe, Martinique, French St. Martin and St. Barts all have the same restrictions. They require visitors ages 11 and older to show a negative virus test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Those staying longer than a week must take an additional test at their own expense on the eighth day of their trips. Those who didn’t take the pre-arrival test, or those who test positive on the island, must self-quarantine for 14 days or until they get a negative re-test.
Travelers to French Polynesia, including the islands of Tahiti and Bora Bora, must show proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within the previous 72 hours in order to board their flights. Those arriving at the airport will be given a test kit for the virus that contains an oral and nasal swab, and on the fourth day in the islands, the visitor must complete the self-test. Tourists must also complete an electronic entry form attesting that they have travel insurance that would cover coronavirus expenses, or agreeing to personally assume all costs.
For now, only chartered flights are allowed from the United States, and the passengers who arrive must quarantine for up to two weeks.
Proof of a negative virus test taken within seven days of the visit is required before entering the country, and visitors need to take another test at the airport or within 48 hours of landing. People must quarantine at an approved accommodation, at their expense, for two to four days, while awaiting the results of those tests. In addition, since the United States is considered a high-risk country for the transmission of the coronavirus, Grenadian health officials have the discretion to make Americans quarantine for up to 14 days.
Travelers must also download and adhere to the requirements outlined on a Covid-19 tracing app, or face a possible $1,000 fine and up to a year in prison.
Authorities are asking nonessential travelers not to visit the Republic of Ireland, but those who do are asked to self-quarantine for 14 days.
Tourists age 12 and older arriving from New York, Florida, Arizona and Texas must upload a negative Covid-19 test that was taken within 10 days of their arrival date. All passengers must complete a Travel Authorization screening form within 72 hours of their trip and present it at the airport or they will not be allowed to board their airplane.
Arriving passengers will be assessed and may be required to take a virus test. Anyone tested must quarantine at their accommodation or at a government facility until the results are available, generally within 48 hours. Those who aren’t staying within the “resilient corridor,” where operators have been trained in Covid-19 protocols, will be electronically monitored during this time.
If the test is negative, people staying at a hotel or resort within the corridor must stay on the property unless they are visiting select attractions within the corridor via approved transportation providers. Those not staying in the corridor must quarantine for 14 days from the date they entered Jamaica, leaving only once per day to get necessities. They cannot attend an event with more than 20 people, nor visit with anyone over age 75. They also cannot take transportation with anyone who isn’t in their travel party.
A person who receives a positive test must isolate.
Although Kosovo has no mandatory traveler quarantine requirements, the U.S. State Department advises against travel there.
“The health situation is deteriorating, and public institutions are struggling to keep up with demand. It is possible that border restrictions could be re-imposed with little notice, and the frequent changes are causing confusion at airports and borders,” the U.S. Embassy in Kosovo wrote on its website.
Visitors must have a confirmed booking at a tourist facility and the entire vacation needs to be at the same hotel, except when transiting.
Screenings will be done at the airport and those with symptoms, or those traveling with someone with symptoms, must pay for and get a coronavirus test. The government may also conduct random screenings at its own expense. Tourists requiring testing at the airport will stay in a transit facility until their results are available.
Visitors must be met by a representative of tourist facility, and airport transportation must be prebooked.
Land crossings between the United States and Mexico remain closed until at least late August, but U.S. visitors can arrive by plane. Tourists may be subject to temperature checks and other health screenings, and those showing symptoms may be asked to quarantine voluntarily.
The Coronavirus Outbreak ›
Frequently Asked Questions
Updated August 6, 2020
Why are bars linked to outbreaks?
- Think about a bar. Alcohol is flowing. It can be loud, but it’s definitely intimate, and you often need to lean in close to hear your friend. And strangers have way, way fewer reservations about coming up to people in a bar. That’s sort of the point of a bar. Feeling good and close to strangers. It’s no surprise, then, that bars have been linked to outbreaks in several states. Louisiana health officials have tied at least 100 coronavirus cases to bars in the Tigerland nightlife district in Baton Rouge. Minnesota has traced 328 recent cases to bars across the state. In Idaho, health officials shut down bars in Ada County after reporting clusters of infections among young adults who had visited several bars in downtown Boise. Governors in California, Texas and Arizona, where coronavirus cases are soaring, have ordered hundreds of newly reopened bars to shut down. Less than two weeks after Colorado’s bars reopened at limited capacity, Gov. Jared Polis ordered them to close.
I have antibodies. Am I now immune?
- As of right now, that seems likely, for at least several months. There have been frightening accounts of people suffering what seems to be a second bout of Covid-19. But experts say these patients may have a drawn-out course of infection, with the virus taking a slow toll weeks to months after initial exposure. People infected with the coronavirus typically produce immune molecules called antibodies, which are protective proteins made in response to an infection. These antibodies may last in the body only two to three months, which may seem worrisome, but that’s perfectly normal after an acute infection subsides, said Dr. Michael Mina, an immunologist at Harvard University. It may be possible to get the coronavirus again, but it’s highly unlikely that it would be possible in a short window of time from initial infection or make people sicker the second time.
I’m a small-business owner. Can I get relief?
- The stimulus bills enacted in March offer help for the millions of American small businesses. Those eligible for aid are businesses and nonprofit organizations with fewer than 500 workers, including sole proprietorships, independent contractors and freelancers. Some larger companies in some industries are also eligible. The help being offered, which is being managed by the Small Business Administration, includes the Paycheck Protection Program and the Economic Injury Disaster Loan program. But lots of folks have not yet seen payouts. Even those who have received help are confused: The rules are draconian, and some are stuck sitting on money they don’t know how to use. Many small-business owners are getting less than they expected or not hearing anything at all.
What are my rights if I am worried about going back to work?
What is school going to look like in September?
- It is unlikely that many schools will return to a normal schedule this fall, requiring the grind of online learning, makeshift child care and stunted workdays to continue. California’s two largest public school districts — Los Angeles and San Diego — said on July 13, that instruction will be remote-only in the fall, citing concerns that surging coronavirus infections in their areas pose too dire a risk for students and teachers. Together, the two districts enroll some 825,000 students. They are the largest in the country so far to abandon plans for even a partial physical return to classrooms when they reopen in August. For other districts, the solution won’t be an all-or-nothing approach. Many systems, including the nation’s largest, New York City, are devising hybrid plans that involve spending some days in classrooms and other days online. There’s no national policy on this yet, so check with your municipal school system regularly to see what is happening in your community.
Many Mexican states are open only for essential services, while others are allowed to operate at reduced capacity. However, some local authorities have also imposed their own restrictions, so would-be travelers should check with local sources for the latest updates.
There are no requirements for a Covid-19 test or self-isolation for North Macedonia, which has been going by that name only since last year (it was previously just Macedonia).
When departing, travelers must arrive at the airport at least three hours before flight time. Those with symptoms of Covid-19, such as a fever of 99.1 or higher and coughing, may not be permitted to enter the airport and board their flights.
Puerto Rico has postponed its reopening to tourists from outside the territory.
When planning a future trip, travelers must have evidence of a negative test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival and complete an online travel declaration form. If the test result is pending, they must quarantine until it is available. If the result comes back positive, or if it doesn’t arrive, the person must quarantine for 14 days. Those arriving without a test must have one done on the island at their own expense, and must quarantine while awaiting the result. Anyone not taking a test must quarantine for 14 days.
Visitors must have proof of a negative test taken within the past seven days, unless they are coming from a country within a Caribbean “bubble.” Arriving passengers must have completed a travel registration and they will be screened and their temperatures taken.
Those without symptoms must take a certified taxi to government-approved accommodations, and are required to remain on the grounds during their stay except to participate in water-based excursions arranged by the hotel.
Those with symptoms will be tested, and if the results are positive, they will be hospitalized at their expense.
Those over age 10 arriving from the United States must have a completed health declaration form and have proof of a negative test taken within 72 hours of travel.
Travelers are asked to bring a thermometer, mask and hand sanitizer, and Americans must upload daily information about their body temperature and any flu-like symptoms for 14 days. Travel insurance is required and it’s recommended that it include coverage for coronavirus-related expenses.
Visitors from the United States must have a pre-arrival travel form completed and show a negative test for the virus taken within the previous seven days. Another test will be given upon arrival.
Travelers also must have proof of five nights of paid accommodation at an approved hotel, and must quarantine there for five days, then receive another virus test before being allowed to leave the hotel. At the discretion of health officials, visitors may be required to quarantine for a total of 14 to 21 days at a facility or a home.
All travelers must monitor their temperature for two weeks and report any changes to health authorities.
In-transit passengers must have proof a negative test taken five days before travel and must stay at the airport or at a government approved hotel while awaiting their connection.
All coronavirus-related entry restrictions have been lifted for Serbia. However, the country is under a Level 3 alert to “Reconsider Travel” from the U.S. State Department because of crime.
Passengers arriving on an international flight to Tanzania must complete a Health Surveillance Form and undergo screening, including a possible Covid-19 test.
Visitors to Turkey will be screened using thermal cameras, and travelers with elevated temperatures may be subject to testing. Foreign passengers who test positive for Covid-19 will be referred to a private hospital.
The Turks and Caicos Islands is requiring a negative test result taken within five days of travel for anyone over age 10. Visitors also must have insurance that covers any Covid-19 related medical costs. A Travel Authorization Form that will ask health questions must be completed by all passengers before boarding a plane to the islands.
Ukraine currently classifies the United States as a country with a high incidence of coronavirus, which means that U.S. travelers should be prepared to take a virus test upon arrival or self-quarantine for two weeks at their own expense. Test results are emailed within 24 hours, and passengers should self-quarantine until the results are sent to health authorities.
The government is using a four-color scale (green, yellow, orange and red) to identify the virus risk in each region, and quarantine orders may differ by color.
U.S. citizen must have medical insurance covering all expenses related to possible Covid-19 treatment.
Travelers must have proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within 96 hours of their flight in order to board a commercial aircraft to the country. Many passengers are also tested upon arrival, and some may need to self quarantine or may be sent to a quarantine facility. The U.S. embassy says all people arriving in the U.A.E. are urged to self quarantine for 14 days. International health insurance is also required.
While Dubai is open, those wanting to enter Abu Dhabi must show proof of a test conducted in the previous 48 hours, or schedule an appointment for a blood test.
Fines for violators can range from $250 to more than $27,000.
Anyone arriving from the United States must be prepared to isolate for 14 days, or face a penalty of up to $1,250. Passengers transiting in an airport are exempt, as are those going directly from one port to another; for instance, from Heathrow to Eurostar.